Manage your appliances that use the most electricity wisely.

During the summer and winter months, households pay the most for electricity. To reduce these costs as much as possible, we need to use our electrical appliances wisely.

In this article, we'll note which appliances use the most energy and give you some tips on saving on your electricity bills.

Which appliances use the most electricity?

Every home has equipment that is necessary for a comfortable stay. It is not necessary to deprive yourself of the convenience of these appliances, but rather to be aware of how they work and use them in the most reasonable way.

Here's how electricity consumption is distributed in a home:

  • Air conditioning and heating: 46%
  • Water heating: 14%
  • Cooking appliances: 13%
  • Lighting: 9%
  • TV and other electronics: 4%

Most used appliances, crucial for your electricity bills:

      1. Air conditioning and heating
        Air conditioning systems are the most used method of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning in Bulgaria. They are convenient, practical, and come in a variety of shapes and sizes to meet consumer needs. It is also the category that accounts for the largest share of household electricity consumption. On average, an air-conditioner consumes 45% of the total.
        Here are some tips on how to reduce your air conditioner's energy consumption:
        Recommended air conditioner degrees when you are indoors are 24-25 degrees in the winter and 23 degrees in the summer. Of course, these are the settings in the heating and cooling modes for that season.
        • Perform annual maintenance on your air conditioner;
        • If possible, keep the curtains down on sunny summer days, but open them in winter to get heat free of charge;
        • Change/clean your air filters regularly;
        • Don't block internal vents or external fixtures;
        • Dress lightly in summer and warmly in winter;
        • Use blankets and scarves for extra warmth in winter.
      2. Water heating
        The water heater is the other appliance we use all the time. It is responsible for about 14% of our monthly electricity consumption. It typically runs about 3 hours a day and uses 4500 watts, which makes 13.5 kWh per day or 405 kWh per month.
        Here are our tips to reduce your domestic water heating energy costs:
        • Set your water heater temperature to 45 degrees or lower;
        • If your water heater is old, insulate it;
        • Insulate your hot water pipes;
        • When you go on vacation, decrease the power on your water heater or turn it off;
        • Install water-saving showerheads and faucet aerators;
        • Switch to a solar water heater.
      3. Household appliances
        Household appliances are also a major energy generator. Every month about 15% of our bill is generated from the use of the refrigerator, cooker, washing machine, etc.
        These tips can be helpful to reduce your electricity consumption of these appliances:

        Refrigerator
        Most of you probably think that there is no way to reduce your refrigerator usage, but there are actually a few things you can do:
        • Don't overload your refrigerator;
        • Arrange the contents of your fridge for optimum efficiency;
        • Set your fridge to the manufacturer's recommended temperature;
        • Regularly clean behind and under the fridge to maintain airflow;
        • If your appliance is old, replace it with a new, more energy-efficient one.

        Washer and dryer
        These appliances account for about 5% of a household's total electricity consumption. They use about 91 kWh per month.

        How you can save on this consumption:
        • Wash only when you collect clothes for a full washing machine;
        • Don't overfill the washing machine;
        • Don't use the dryer at every opportunity, instead, hang dry your clothes.

        Electric oven and stove
        These appliances generate a lot of heat during their operation, making it difficult for the air conditioner to work in summer. Here's what you can do to limit energy costs of this type:
        • Use a toaster oven, microwave, slow cooker, or another smaller appliance;
        • Use the oven and stove in the cooler hours of the day;
        • Do not preheat the oven unless it is necessary to prepare the dish;
        • Turn off the oven a few minutes before the dish is ready and let the residual heat do the rest.

      4. Lighting
        You may be surprised, but it's possible that lighting in your home is about 9% of your monthly energy consumption. This, of course, depends on the type of bulbs and how you use your lighting.

        Here's how to reduce your lighting energy consumption:
        • Switch off lights when you leave the room;
        • Use natural light, especially in winter when you also get free heat from the sun;
        • Use LED lights and put them on timers so they're not on all the time;
        • Install motion detectors on exterior light fixtures so they only come on when you need them.
      5. TV and electronics
        TV, computer and other electronics account for about 4% of our monthly energy consumption. You can reduce this consumption by:
        • Choosing electronics that are ENERGY STAR certified;
        • Reducing the screen brightness of TVs and monitors;
        • Turning these devices when not in use.

You can find many more interesting and useful articles on our blog. If you need a new energy-efficient air conditioner, take a look at our offers on Midea.bg.